encyclopedia

ACCELERATION

Increase in velocity per unit time; in transit, usually measured in feet per second squared (meters per second squared) or, in the United States, sometimes in miles per hour per second. (TRB)

ACCEPTABLE QUALITY LEVEL

For a given quality characteristic, that minimum level of actual quality at which the material or construction can be considered fully acceptable.

ACCEPTANCE

The process whereby all factors used by the agency (i.e., sampling, testing, and inspection) are evaluated to determine the degree of compliance with contract requirements and to _x000D_ determine the corresponding value for a given product.

ACCEPTANCE TESTING

Testing concerned with proving the effectiveness of new equipment prior to placing said equipment into operating service.

ACCESS

Permission, liberty, or ability to enter, approach, or make use of. (Source: TRB)

ACCESS BOARD

The U.S. Access Board is an independent Federal agency devoted to accessibility for people with disabilities. It is a leading source of information on accessible design

ACCESS CONTROL

The process by which access to resources of a computer system is limited or controlled. A logical or physical control designed to protect against unauthorized entry or use.

ACCESS CONTROL TABLE

An internal computerized table of access rules regarding the level of computer access permitted, log-on IDs and computer terminals.

ACCESS METHOD

The technique used for selecting records in a file, one at a time, for processing, retrieval or storage. The access method is related to, but distinct from the file organization which determines how the records are stored.