encyclopedia

APPLICATION CONTROLS

Controls that facilitate, but do not guarantee, computer processing of complete, accurate and valid data; processing that accomplishes the current tasks or identifies exceptions for followup and review.

APPLICATION PROGRAM

A program that processes data entry, update, or query; contrasts with systems programs, such as an operating system or network control program; also contrasts with utility programs, such as copy or sort.

APPLICATION PROGRAMMING

The act or function of developing and maintaining applications programs in “production”.

APPORTIONMENT

A federal budgetary term that refers to a statutorily prescribed division or assignment of funds. It is based on prescribed formulas in the law and consists of dividing authorized obligation authority for a specific program among transit systems. (APTA)

APPRAISAL

A written statement of the appraiser’s unbiased opinion of value fully supported by pertinent factual data, of an adequately described interest in, or aspect of real property and related personally as of a specified date.

APPRAISAL REVIEW

A review of an appraisal performance by a real estate staff appraiser or contract appraiser to verify the quality and accuracy analysis and conclusions contained in an appraisal.

APPROACH LOCKING

Electrical locking of any interlocked or electrically locked switch, movable point frog or derail in the route governed by the signal that occurs whenever a train approaches, within a specified distance of that signal displaying to proceed, (until after the…

APPROPRIATE FUNDS

All local shares must be provided from sources other than Federal funds expect where specific legislative language of a Federal program permits its funds to be used to match other Federal funds.