encyclopedia

EARMARK

A federal budgetary term that refers to the specific designation by Congress that part of a more general lump-sum appropriation be used for a particular project; the earmark can be designated as a minimum and/or maximum dollar amount. (APTA)

EASEMENT

A right acquired by one party to use or control property belonging to another party for a designated purpose, such as public utilities, streets or highways, transit lines. (TRB)