encyclopedia

URBAN FRINGE

That part of an urbanized area outside the central city or cities. (TRB)

URBAN MOBILITY REPORT

Annual report released by Texas Transportation Institute that ranks urban areas by various transportation and mobility indicators including congestion, average hours of highway delay, and regional public transportation investment.

URBAN PLACE

A U.S. Bureau of the Census-designated area (less than 50,000 population) consisting of closely settled territory not populous enough to form an urbanized area.

URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Transportation system for intraurban or intraregional travel, available for use by any person who pays the established fare. It consists of transit and paratransit. (TRB)

URBAN TRANSPORTATION MODELING SYSTEM (UTMS)

A system of models used in transportation planning as an approach to urban travel demand modeling. It consists of four major stages: Trip generation, trip distribution, modal split, and trip assignment. UTMS predicts the number of trips by type, time…

URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCESS

The federally required planning process for urbanized areas that is aimed at developing programs to meet a region’s transportation needs by analyzing the existing system and preparing plans and studies in a comprehensive, continuing, and cooperative manner. It results in…

URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING SYSTEM (UTPS)

A tool for multimodal transportation planning developed by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration and the Federal Highway Administration. It is used for both long- and short-range planning, particularly system analysis, and covers both computerized and manual planning methods. UTPS consists…

URBAN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

The system of transportation elements (both private and public) that provides for the movement of people and goods in an urban area. The components include transit system, paratransit services, and highway or road systems, including private vehicles and pedestrians. (TRB)

URBANIZED AREA (UZA)

As defined by the Bureau of the Census, an area that includes 1 or more incorporated cities, villages and towns (central place) and the adjacent densely settled surrounding territory (urban fringe or suburbs) that together have a minimum of 50,000…