encyclopedia

NATIONAL ALLIANCE OF BUSINESS

Founded by United Airlines, United Parcel Service, Burger King, Marsanto and Sprint, the Alliance encourages and assists small, medium and large businesses in hiring former welfare recipients without displacing current workers. (APTA)

NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS

Federal standards that set allowable concentrations and exposure limits for various pollutants. The EPA developed the standards in response to a requiremet of the CAA. Air quality standards have been established for te following six criteria pollutants: ozone (or smog),…

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COUNTIES

National Association of Counties (NACO). Membership includes elected and appointed county governing officials and other county officials and their deputies at management or policy levels. This organization provides research and reference services for its members and represents them at the…

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REGIONAL COUNCILS

National Association of Regional Councils (NACO). Membership includes the regional councils of local governments and government agencies, and libraries, organizations, and others interested in regionalism as an approach to or addressing issues that cross local government boundaries, such as transportation.…

NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM (NCHRP)

A program established by the American Association of State Highway Officials (now American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials) to provide a mechanism for a national coordinated program of cooperative research employing modern scientific techniques. NCHRP is administered by…

NATIONAL COOPERATIVE TRANSIT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

A program established under section 6(a) of the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964, as amended, to provide a mechanism by which the principal client groups of the Urban Mass Transportation Administration can join cooperatively in an attempt to resolve…

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF 1969

A comprehensive federal law requiring an analysis of the environmental impacts of federal actions, such as the approval of grants, and the preparation of an environmental impact statement for every major federal action that significantly affects the quality of the…

NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM

A proposed transportation system consisting of approximately 155,000 miles of highway in order to provide an interconnected system of principal arterial routes serving major populations centers, major transportation facilities, major travel destinations, interstate and interregional travel and meeting national defense…

NATIONAL ITS ARCHITECTURE

A systems framework to guide the planning and deployment of ITS infrastructure. The national ITS architecture is a blueprint for the coordinated development of ITS technologies in the U.S. It is unlikely that any single metropolitan area or state would…

NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES

National League of Cities (NLC). A federation of state leagues and cities that develops and pursues a national municipal policy to meet the future needs of cities and to help them solve problems that they have in common. It represents…