In How Local Politics Shape Federal Policy: Business, Power, And The Environment In Twentieth-Century Los Angeles, Sarah S. Elkind reveals the huge disparities between big business groups and individual community members in power, influence, and the ability to participate in policy debates.
Focusing on five Los Angeles environmental policy debates between 1920 and 1950, the author investigates how practices in American municipal government gave business groups legitimacy at the local level as well as unanticipated influence over federal politics.
The policy debates she explores are oil drilling, air pollution, flooding, water and power supplies.
Elkind, an associate professor of history and diector of evironmental studies at San Diego State University, shows that business groups secured their political power by providing Los Angeles authorities with much-needed services, including studying emerging problems and framing public debates.
As a result, government officials came to view business interests as the public interest.
When federal agencies looked to local powerbrokers for project ideas and political support, local business interests influenced federal policy, too.
Los Angeles, with its many environmental problems and its dependence upon the federal government, provides a distillation of national urban trends, Elkind argues, and is thus an ideal jumping-off point for understanding environmental politics and the power of business in the middle of the twentieth century.
Douglas Sackman, editor of A Companion To American Environmental History calls this “an assiduously researched analysis of how political policies are formed in the United States…a compelling, fascinating, and innovative book.”
This is a notable contribution to the history of local politics which might otherwise be overlooked since it published by an out-of-state university press.